Clear, Smooth, Even Skin
The conditions involving skin clarity can be broken into the following physiological categories:
Environmentally Damaged Skin
Environmentally damaged skin results from a history of overexposure to environmental elements. The sun is responsible for 80% of aging! Fibers that maintain the skin’s structure and elasticity (collagen and elastin) break down and slowly diminish, resulting in fine lines, wrinkles, and loose, sagging skin. UV light can damage the DNA in the skin cells which can lead to different forms of skin cancer.
Other environmental factors include:
- Harsh weather conditions which destroy the skins moisture barrier resulting in rough, dry, uneven skin tone and texture).
- Cigarette smoke results in free radicals which break down collagen fibers and cigarettes limit the skin’s oxygen supply. This results in deep lines, wrinkles, leathery skin, and a yellowish appearance.
- Pollution causes free radicals, which breaks down collagen fibers resulting in fine lines and wrinkles.
An over production of melanin in the skin results from:
- UV light causes melanocytes to produce too much pigment.
- Hormonal Imbalances
Preventing hyperpigmentation should start with sunblock. ALWAYS wear an SPF when outside, and reapply as needed!
Fixing hyper-pigmentation involves chemical peels and/or laser (usually Intense Pulse Light-IPL).
Caused by a number of factors, including genetics, stress, and hormonal imbalances resulting in:
- Enlarged pores
- Oil production (too much, not enough)
Reducing the build up of excess oil and dead skin cells, and normalizing the function of cell renewal, helping reduce inflammation and prevents bacteria formation deep within the hair follicle and pores.
How to Maintain Clear, Smooth, Even Skin
Clear, smooth skin starts with a healthy lifestyle.
- Eating a nutritious diet (avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and salt)
- Regular exercise
- Adequate hydration
- Reducing stress levels
- Avoiding weather extremes (wearing sunscreen EVERY day)
Keeping clear smooth skin doesn’t just involve topic solutions from over the counter. In fact, they should NEVER involve over the counter products. Good skin care products recommended by a professional should be used in the morning and evening (especially before bed; your skin restores itself while you sleep). A professional deep cleanse should be done every 4-6 weeks.
For serious dermatological issues, see a dermatologist!